Aging gracefully with sun protection
Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure is one of the most common causes of facial aging. Applying broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protective factor (SPF) of 30 or higher daily can protect against UV rays and allows the skin to regenerate. Proper sun protection can also reduce the appearance of wrinkles. For sensitive skin, mineral sunscreens containing either titanium dioxide or zinc oxide can absorb and reflect some UV light.
Free radicals speed up aging
Naturally occurring antioxidants, such as vitamins A, C, and E, can protect against the damage of free radicals on skin cells. Vitamin C, found in skin serums, is a strong antioxidant that can also promote collagen production, which slows down with age and plays a role in maintaining strong and elastic skin. Look for vitamin C options with ferulic acid, an antioxidant known for fighting free radicals and stabilizing the vitamin C formula.
Bringing out the big guns
Retinoids are compounds derived from vitamin A that come in varying potencies. Weak forms can treat acne and aging, while stronger forms can treat severe skin issues such as psoriasis. Retinoids can help promote collagen production and reduce wrinkles and fine lines. Look for retinol products with soothing antioxidants to offset the harshness. Bakuchiol is a natural alternative or complement to retinol that reduces wrinkles and promotes skin cell regeneration.
Using naturally-produced proteins
Growth factors, not to be confused with growth hormones, are proteins derived from humans, animals, or plants that can increase the production of elastin and collagen. Growth hormones also improve the tissue healing process, which can be beneficial after certain skin-improving procedures like lasers and microneedling.
Amino acids to the rescue
Peptides, also known as polypeptides, are the building blocks of certain proteins that can also be found in face serums and moisturizers. Collagen is composed of 3 polypeptide chains. Incorporating peptides into a skincare routine can stimulate collagen production for firmer skin. Peptides can also reduce wrinkles, improve the skin barrier, kill bacteria, and reduce inflammation.
The holy grail of skincare
Over time, skin cells reduce hyaluronic acid production, a naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan that can make skin more hydrated and plump, perfect for dry skin. Hyaluronic acid plays a crucial role in wound healing, skin elasticity, moisturization, and the development of wrinkles. Look for hydrolyzed hyaluronic, sodium acetylated hyaluronate, and sodium hyaluronate for the best results.
Is high-end skincare worth it?
The bottom line is that high-end skincare may provide more anti-aging benefits than budget-friendly options. The most important aspect is the primary ingredients in the product. Consumers should research each formula and look for customer reviews showing the product works. Consistent use is most likely to result in noticeable anti-aging results.